Posts Tagged ‘gas’

frackishimalogo1ajclogo2
 
 
(This is an article I wrote as a guest blog piece for a couple of different websites on the subject of fracking hence why the sources are footnotes instead of hyperlinks as I prefer.)
 

by Anthony Roll
(@anarchyroll on Twitter, Instagram, and Tumblr)
6/5/2014

Fracking is a term that has made its way from the underground to the mainstream in recent years. Do you know what fracking is? Fracking is a short hand term for hydraulic fracturing. What is hydraulic fracturing? In short it is a method used to extract gas from large rocks that are deep underground[1].

The most common type of rock that is fractured in the United States is shale[2]. The process of fracking involves sending highly pressurized water underground mixed with sand and chemicals to break open the shale and release the gas[3]. The process has been around since the 1940s but has become popular in the last decade as a way to reduce America’s dependency on energy producing imports. Fracking has lead to a domestic energy boom that is expected to continue for years to come[4]. The boomerang to accompany that energy boom revolves around the negative environment consequences of the fracking process.

The term fracking has become mainstream in recent years because of the controversy surrounding it. What is the controversy? The controversy revolves around negative environmental consequences that occur before, during, and after the fracking process[5]. From the pollution caused by the transportation of the water and chemicals to the blast sites. To potential as well as documented leaks of the chemicals into local water supplies[6], to tremors and earthquakes caused by wastewater disposal[7], the debate of fracking is another chapter in the battle between commerce and environmental health.

Both sides of the fracking debate have strong evidence to support their stance. Those against fracking frequently point to the documentary film Gasland which showed repeated groundwater contamination caused by fracking that famously included residents near blast sights being able to light their water on fire[8]. Proponents of fracking point the economic benefits to the country at large as well as state and local communities. The natural gas America gets from fracking accounts for 25 percent of our gas supply, meaning we don’t have to import it from overseas. In addition, Pennsylvania alone has seen around 72,000 jobs created from the fracking industry[9].

Economic benefits are great, especially in a country still recovering from The Great Recession[10]. However we as a society can’t cut off our nose despite our face in the name of economic growth. The negative effect of fracking is poisoned fresh water supplies. Although the Earth is 3/4 water, only 2.5% of the water on the planet is drinkable freshwater[11]. Humans cannot survive without freshwater. Fracking poisons freshwater. Fracking is therefore a threat to the human condition. If fracking was not a threat, then why is it banned in five countries in Europe[12]?

Fracking need not be banned forever. A moratorium until the technologies evolve to a point where water contamination has no chance of happening is all that is required. Or how about until the processes no longer cause earthquakes? Is it too much to ask for technology to evolve more in the age of the iPhone and Oculus Rift? Do we really believe oil and gas companies don’t have the money for research and development to evolve the fracking process? Ask those questions to a family dependent on the income earned from working at fracking wells, and the answers might be different. That is the double edged sword of the debate.

Fracking is helping and hurting people at the same time. Families and communities have had their freshwater supplies forever poisoned while at the same time the workers who did the accidental poisoning have jobs for the first time in half a decade. Whose lives are worth more? Fracking forces the issue of asking the tough questions. What happens if freshwater continues to be poisoned as a result of fracking? What if earthquakes continue to be caused as a result of fracking? What if both of those things happen while lots of people and communities continue making lots of money? These are all tough questions that must be asked. When the future of freshwater and energy is at stake, one thing that is not debatable, is that fracking is certainly a preeminent issue of our time.

 

[1] http://www.propublica.org/special/hydraulic-fracturing-national

[2] http://energy.usgs.gov/OilGas/UnconventionalOilGas/HydraulicFracturing.aspx

[3] http://www.theguardian.com/environment/interactive/2011/apr/26/shale-gas-hydraulic-fracking-graphic

[4] http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/12/16/doe-forecast-natural-gas-boom/4034723/

[5] http://www.dangersoffracking.com/

[6] http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/14/opinion/global/the-facts-on-fracking.html?pagewanted=2&_r=0

[7] http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2014/05/140502-scientists-warn-of-quake-risk-from-fracking-operations/

[8] http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2014/05/140502-scientists-warn-of-quake-risk-from-fracking-operations/

[9] http://billmoyers.com/content/the-facts-on-fracking/

[10] http://www.investopedia.com/terms/g/great-recession.asp

[11] http://water.usgs.gov/edu/earthwherewater.html

[12] http://www.energytribune.com/73234/uk-shale-gas-numbers-could-be-stratospheric#sthash.u9Gx9CjJ.dpbs

frackishimalogo1ajclogo2

by @anarchyroll
5/19/2014

300 earthquakes and no drinkable water for 300,000 people.

That is what the energy and chemical industries are doing to our planet and doing to us. I guess we should say thank you sirs may we have another, since we know more is coming. There will be more poisoned water, more earthquakes, more destruction of wildlife, more spills, all for…what exactly? And for whom?

Even the democratic party has embraced fracking for the sake of being elected.

At this rate all of America will become Frackishima. I sure hope I get to turn into the Toxic Avenger rather than just die from tumors and cancers thanks to all the contaminated fresh water. Fingers crossed…

 

 

frackishimalogo1ajclogo2by @anarchyroll
5/12/2014

Are there people who don’t know that humans can’t survive without drinkable water? No matter how much money a person may have, they will die without drinkable water just as quickly as a person living in poverty. Fracking poisons our drinkable water and it was recently revealed fracking is poisoning even more water than originally thought or reported.

In addition to that horrendous fact, it has come to light that the federal government has failed to even inspect fracking sites and equipment in high risk contamination sites.

Neither economic booms to local economies or job creation are worth the poisoning of the essence of life. No one person’s ability to provide for their family is as important or more important to the greater population of their race if their job threatens the ability for the species to survive. Fracking companies at large and fracking workers individually should be ashamed of themselves and should be publicly shamed for what they are doing. We are talking about possibilites or probabilites of what may or may not, can or can not happen. Fracking IS poisoning our drinking water, the real world, in real-time, in the present.

Did oil and gas companies get tired of poisoning water with oil spills for 25 years?

The negatives of fracking are different from other environment movement. It’s not like clean energy or climate change debates. The negative effects of fracking are happening now! If we poison the fresh water supplies, we’ll all be dead before the sea levels can rise 10 feet due to polar ice cap melting. The ramifications of fracking won’t be felt in 20 years or in a century. They are being felt now. Fracking must be banned now. Otherwise clean water becomes the new oil. The main difference being a person won’t die in three or four days without gas to put in their car.

frackishimalogo1ajclogo2by @anarchyroll
5/3/2014

It just keeps getting worse when it comes to fracking. In addition to poisoning fresh water via chemical and methane leaks that makes the water undrinkable and flammable, hydro hydraulic fracturing is now being linked to causing earthquakes at the drill sites as well as around the waste water wells. The waste water wells are where they dump the used chemicals and chemical filled water underground, because nothing bad could ever come of that right?

Fracking being allowed to exist is a disgrace to the human race. The most vulgar example of profits over our health, livliehoods, and very existence. It is destroying our land and our fresh water supplies, both of which are more limited than any of us may think or realize. Now fracking is causing earthquakes?

How much are we willing to have taken away from us? Our land? Our water? Our ability to inhabit the planet? Fracking is causing risks to all of those things, literally, with many tangible examples of how across the entire country of America and world at large where fracking is also being used.

Yes we all would like cheap energy. Yes people need jobs. Maybe if the top 1% distributed some of those trillions of dollars of wealth they’re hoarding we could wait to unleash fracking on the world for another two decades when it will evolve into a more safe and regulated energy extraction process. The cons of fracking far outweigh the gains. No one can look another human being in the eye or themself in the mirror and say with honesty, conviction, and integrity that fracking is safe. If they do, then tell them to drink the water near a fracking site.

 

frackishimalogo1ajclogo2

by @anarchyroll
4/10/2014

It is very important that you know about and are aware of hydraulic fracturing or fracking as it is more commonly called.

Whether you are for it or against it. Whether you think it is a good idea or bad idea. Whether you think it is dangerous or safe. You need to know what it is and what processes are involved. We all need to know the pros and cons of fracking.

  • What is fracking? It is a method of extracting gas from underground.
  • Who does fracking? Oil and natural gas companies.
  • Where is fracking done? There are numerous fracking sites in the United States, Canada, Europe, and China
  • Since when? It started in 1949 but become popular just in the last half decade as a way to find new energy sources without import.
  • Why is fracking controversial? Because it poisons fresh/ drinking water.
  • How does fracking poison drinking water? Fracking requires tons of liquid chemicals that go underground. Those chemicals leak into the fresh water reservoirs underground. The water becomes undrinkable and in many cases, flammable.

Only 3% of the water on Earth is drinkable. Fracking is essentially mass poisoning that 3%. Yes we need energy but we need fresh water more. We can live without electronics, we literally cannot live as a human species without fresh, drinkable water.

10, 20, 30 years from now there may be fracking that can be done without poisoning the water supply. That will be the time for fracking. Now, it is too risky and there is just too much documented events that prove fracking poisons water. Why it is allowed to continue despite all the evidence it poisons our water? We all know why it is, don’t we? The same reason no one from BP went to jail for the oil spill in the Gulf. The same reason no one from Lehman Brothers went to jail for the 2008 economic collapse. We know why.

Money makes the world go around according to humans. But according the the world it’s gravity. If there was no gravity we would not be able to inhabit Earth. If there was no oxygen we would not be able to inhabit Earth. If there was no food supply or farmable land we would not be able to inhabit Earth. If there is no fresh drinking water we will not be able to inhabit Earth.

Fracking is a risk for making Earth human beings unable to survive by not having fresh drinking water so therefore fracking is bad and those who try to do it are the enemy. Enemy of who? All living being that requires fresh drinking water to survive. Plain and simple. Cut and dry and if fracking is allowed to continue on a mass scale, leaving behind it poisoned fresh water reservoir after poisoned fresh water reservoir, then we as a human race will be left high and dry.